Microplastic Polyamide Exposure in Carp Demonstrated Toxic Neurotoxicity and Immune Responses

According to the abstract of an October 15, 2023 Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety article by researchers with Pukyong National University, Sun Moon University, National Institute of Fisheries Science and Jeju National University, all in the Republic of Korea https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2023.115469 which “... aimed to determine the toxicity standard and potential risks and effects of polyamide (PA) exposure on neurotoxicity, stress indicators, and immune responses in juvenile crucian carp Carassius Carassius … Our study demonstrates the toxic effects of microplastic exposure on crucian carp's neurotoxicity, stress indicators, and immune responses …” #PlasticWaste #SingleUsePlastic #MicroPlastics #Polyamide