Nanoplastics – Effects on Daphnia magna (Water Flea) and Danio rerio (Zebra Fish) Explored

The abstract of a January 21, 2022 Elsevier NanoImpact article by researchers with the University of Eastern Finland reports that “…we investigate the toxicity of … polyethylene (PE, 50 nm), polypropylene (PP, 50 nm), polystyrene (PS, 200 and 600 nm), and polyvinyl chloride (PVC, 200 nm) nanoscale plastic debris (NPD) and their co-occurring benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) to Daphnia magna and Danio rerio. During the 21 days of exposure to PE 50 nm and PS 200 nm, the number of broods produced by D. magna decreased compared to other treatments. Exposure to BaP alone did not produce any effects on the reproduction of the daphnids, however, the mixture of BaP with PS (200 or 600 nm) or with PE (50 nm) reduced the number of broods. Exposure of D. rerio embryos to PE 50 nm, PS 200 nm, and PS 600 nm led to a delay in the hatching. The presence of PS 200 nm and PVC 200 nm eliminated the effects of BaP on the hatching rate of zebrafish. Our findings suggest that data generated for the toxicity of one type of NPD, e.g. PVC or PS may not be extrapolated to other types of NPD …” @UniEastFinland #MicroPlastics #PlasticWaste #SingleUsePlastic #NanoPlastics