Effects of Micro- and Nano-Plastics on Marine Animals

According to an April 27, 2020 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) news release https://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/new-research-on-the-possible-effects-of-micro-and-nano-plastics-on-marine-animals “... Plastic debris is one of the most serious environmental challenges our oceans face … “ - A group of scientists led by the IAEA published a review article on March 23, 2020 https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.9b05995 showing that in one third of all studies assessed, virgin plastic particles affect “… biological functions in fish, such as their behavior and neurological functions, as well as their metabolism, intestinal permeability and intestinal microbiome diversity … Microplastic particles are accidentally consumed by marine organisms, which are then consumed by predator fish. Nanoplastic particles are even more toxic to living organisms as they are more likely to be absorbed through the walls of digestive tracts and thereby transported into the tissues and organs … it is important to distinguish the toxicity of plastic particles per se from the toxicity associated with the contaminants that can become attached to them …” #MicroPlastic NanoPlastic #PlasticWaste #PlasticPackaging #SingleUsePlastic #IAEA